This article presents a systematic review of the process research on solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT). The authors searched five databases, five major journals, two book chapters, and four websites for studies investigating why and how SFBT works. Thirty-three studies were located and further analyzed using a meta-summary approach. The findings support the significance of the co-construction process within SFBT and the effects of specific types of SFBT techniques. The most empirical support was found for strength-oriented techniques and the co-construction of meaning. Current studies require replications with larger sample sizes and experimental designs that study SFBT process in relationship to outcomes.
Franklin, C., Zhang, A., Froerer, A., & Johnson, S. (2016). Solution focused brief therapy: A systematic review and meta-summary of process research. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/jmft.12193